Sapphires are one of the most spectacular and distinctive gemstones on Earth. They are members of the corundum mineral family and come in a wide range of colours with blue being the most popular and well-known. Sapphires have been prized throughout history for their beauty and durability, and continue to captivate and inspire people today.

The mesmerizing blue of sapphire, which ranges from pale to deep blue and includes shades of cornflower, twilight, and navy, is due to the presence of titanium and iron in the corundum mineral. However, sapphires can also be found in other colours, including pink, yellow, green, and purple, depending on the presence of other minerals such as chromium, iron, and vanadium.

Sapphires are famous for their durability and are second only to diamonds in hardness, rating a 9 on the Mohs Scale of Hardness. This makes sapphires an excellent choice for engagement rings and other jewellery that will be worn frequently. They can be cut into various shapes, including oval, round, emerald, and cushion, and be set into a range of designs, from classical to contemporary.

Sapphires have a rich and storied history that dates back hundreds of years. In ancient times, sapphires were believed to have divine powers, and were worn as a talisman to ward off evil spirits, protect against sickness, and bring good fortune. The Persians believed that the sky was blue because it reflected the colour of sapphires, while the Greeks believed that sapphires had the power to bring wisdom and inner peace.

Today, sapphires are still highly valued and sought-after gemstones, and they are also used for various industrial applications such as scientific instruments, infrared optical components, and high-durability windows. Sapphires have even been used in the manufacture of smartphone components due to their resistance to scratch and breakage.

In conclusion, sapphires are truly remarkable gemstones with a rich and fascinating history. With their dazzling colours, incredible durability, and unique properties, sapphires continue to be cherished and enjoyed by many people all around the world. Whether you're looking for an engagement ring or a stunning piece of jewellery to add to your collection, a sapphire is truly a remarkable and unforgettable choice.

Sapphire is the birthstone for September.